The following historical data of the Chevy Camaro, manufactured by GM, were retrieved from many sources.
The first generation Camaro debuted in September 1966, for the 1967 model year, up to 1969 on a new rear-wheel drive GM F-body platform and would be available as a 2-door, 2+2 seating, coupe or convertible with a choice of 4.1L inline-6 and 4.9L, 5.0L, 5.4L, 5.7L, or 6.5L V8 engines. Concerned with the runaway success of the Ford Mustang, Chevrolet executives realized that their compact sporty car, the Corvair, would not be able to generate the sales volume of the Mustang due to its rear-engine design, as well as declining sales, partly due to the bad publicity from Ralph Nader’s book, Unsafe at Any Speed.
Therefore, the Camaro was touted as having the same conventional rear-drive, front-engine configuration as Mustang and Chevy II Nova. In addition, the Camaro was designed to fit a variety of engines in the engine bay. The first generation Camaro would last until the 1969 model year and would eventually inspire the design of the new retro fifth generation.
Introduced in February 1970, the second generation Camaro was produced through the 1981 model year, with cosmetic changes made in 1974 and 1978 model years. The car was heavily restyled and became somewhat larger and wider with the new styling. Still based on the F-body platform, the new Camaro was similar to its predecessor, with a unibody structure, front subframe, an A-arm front suspension and leaf springs to control the solid rear axle.
Road and Track magazine picked the 1971 SS350 as one of the ten best cars in the world in August 1971. RS, SS and Z28 performance packages gradually disappeared. The Z28 package was reintroduced in 1977, largely in response to the huge success of its corporate stablemate, the Pontiac Trans Am. 1980 and 1981 Z28’s included an air induction hood scoop, with an intake door that opened under full throttle.
The third generation Chevy Camaro was produced from 1982 to 1992. These were the first Camaro’s to offer modern fuel injection, Turbo-Hydramatic, 700R4 four-speed automatic transmissions, five-speed manual transmissions, 16 inch wheels, a standard 4- cylinder engine and versatile hatchback bodies. The cars were nearly 500 pounds lighter than the long running second generation model. The legendary IROC-Z was introduced in 1985. Due to new Federal Regulations, 1986 was the first year for the CHMSL. The new brake light was located on the exterior of the upper center area of the back hatch glass.
This gives the 1986 model a distinctive look from the other third generation models. In 1987, the potent L98 5.7L V8 engine was an option on the IROC-A, paired with an automatic transmission. The “20th Anniversary Commemorative Edition” was offered in 1987 and a “25th Anniversary Heritage Package” was available in 1992 but was sold with a 305 High-Output engine instead of the 350 V8. Beginning in 1988, the famed 1LE performance package was introduced, optional on street models and for showroom stock racing in the U.S. and Canada.
The fourth generation Camaro debuted in 1993 on an updated F-body platform. It retained the same characteristics since its introduction in 1967. A coupe body style with 2+2 seating, with an optional T-top roof, or convertible, rear-wheel drive, and a choice of V6 and V8 engines. The standard engine from 1993-1995 was a 3.4L V6. A more powerful 3.8L V6 was introduced as an option in 1995 and made standard in 1996. The LT1 V8 engine, which was introduced in the Corvette in 1992, was standard in the Z28.
Optional equipment included all-speed traction control and a new six-speed T-56 manual transmission; a four-speed automatic transmission was also available. Anti-block brakes were standard equipment on all models. The 1997 model year included a revised interior, and the 1998 models included exterior styling changes, and a switch to GM’s aluminum block LS1 used in the Corvette C5. The Camaro remained in production through the 2002 model year, marking 35 years of continuous production. Production of the F-Body platform was stopped due to slowing sales, a deteriorating market for sports coupes, and plat overcapacity.
Base on the 2006 Camaro Concept and 2007 Camaro Convertible Concept, production of the fifth-generation Camaro was approved on 10 August 2006. Oshawa Car Assembly produces the new Camaro which went on sale in spring 2009 as a 2010 model year vehicle.
Production began on March 16, 2009. The 2010 Camaro is offered as a coupe only in LS, LT, and SS trim levels. LS and LT models are powered by a 3.6L V6 producing 312 hp mated to either a six-speed manual or a six-speed automatic with manual shift. The SS is powered by the 6.2L LS3 V8 producing 426 hp and is paired with a 6-speed manual. The automatic SS gets the L99 V8 with 400 hp or the LS3 V8 with 426 hp. The RS appearance package is available both the LT and SS and features 20-inch wheels with a darker gray tone, halo rings around xenon headlamps, and red RS or SS badges. On April 1, 2010, the Camaro was named the World Car Design of the Year at the World Car of the Year Awards.
Learn more: Chevy Camaro Facts